Guardia de à caballo

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army >> Guardia de à caballo

Origin and History

This corps was formed on April 15, 1755 by the Governor-General of the Philippines, Don Pedro Manuel de Arandia. It initially counted a single company designated as the “Guardias de à caballo” and consisted of:

  • 1 captain
  • 1 lieutenant
  • 32 volunteers

This company was charged to pursue and exterminate evildoers and outlaws in the vicinities of Manila.

On November 16, 1762, a royal decree ordered to organise two new companies of dragoons.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:

  • in 1755: Don José Arlegui y Leoz

In 1772, the unit was transformed into a dragoon regiment designated as “Luzon Dragones.”

Service during the War

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Clonard mentions that the unit had a blue uniform with buff distinctives.


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This article is mostly made of abridged and adapted excerpts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Clonard, Conde de, Historia Orgánica de las Armas de Infantería y Caballería, vol. XVI, Madrid, 1851-62, pp. 92-96