Königlicher Prinz Cuirassiers

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Saxon Army >> Königlicher Prinz Cuirassiers

Origin and History

This regiment was established in 1702 from the company of Garde du Corps of Count Flemming and 4 other cuirassier companies.

In 1717, the regiment incorporated part of the Leib-Kürassier-Regiment; in 1746, three companies of L'Annonciade Cuirassiers; and 1748, three companies of the former Count Ronnow Cuirassiers.

According to the 1753 État, during peacetime each cuirassier regiment counted 8 companies in 4 squadrons for a total of 514 men and 394 horses.

In 1756, after the surrender of the Saxon Army at Pirna, the entire regiment was distributed among the Prussian cavalry.

Since its creation, the successive Chefs of the regiment were:

  • from 1702: General Jakob Heinrich Count Flemming
  • from 1706: Duke Alexander Menschikow
  • from 1727: Prinz Friedrich Christian August
  • from 1733: Kurprinz
  • from 1734: Königlicher Prinz
  • from 1764: Lieutenant-General Johann Wilhelm Count Ronnow und Bieberstein

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was commanded by:

  • since 1748: Colonel Count Ronnow (promoted to lieutenant-general in 1757)
  • from 1763: Major-General Karl von Brenckenhoff-Schönenberg

The regiment was re-established in 1763 and disbanded in 1778,

Service during the War

At the end of August 1756, when Frederick II invaded Saxony, the regiment retired to Pirna with the rest of the Saxon army. At Pirna, the regiment was deployed on the right wing under von Arnim, as part of von Reitzenstein's Brigade. The Prussians blockaded the Saxon army in Pirna from September 9 until October 15 when the Saxons finally had to surrender. The regiment was disbanded and its troops distributed among Prussian cuirassier regiments, mainly Gens d'Armes, Prinz von Preußen, Driesen, Markgraf Friedrich and Leib-Carabiniers.



Cuirassier in "kollet" in 1756 - Copyright Kronoskaf
Trooper of the Königlicher Prinz Cuirassiers in 1756 - Copyright: Franco Saudelli and Dr Marco Pagan
Uniform Details
Headgear black tricorne laced white with a white cockade fastened with a small white button; one light blue bob in each lateral corne
Neckstock black
Coat white lined light blue with 6 white buttons (arranged 1-2-3) down to the waist on each side; 3 white buttons under the waist on the right side
Collar light blue
Shoulder strap none
Lapels none
Cuffs light blue without 3 white buttons arranged vertically
Turnbacks light blue
Waistcoat buff leather kollet edged with a light blue braid with a white central stripe; no button (fastened with hooks and eyes)

a light blue waistcoat was worn under the kollet

Breeches buff
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt n/a
Waistbelt natural leather with a brass buckle
Cartridge Box n/a
Scabbard black with brass fittings
Footgear black boots with white knee covers
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth ???
Housings ???
Blanket roll ???

Troopers were armed with ???.


 To do: specify particularities of the uniforms of the officers


 To do: specify particularities of the uniforms of the musicians


Leibstandarte: white damask field heavily embroidered in gold with silver piping, centre device consisting of a gold shield of ornate design carrying the Royal Polish arms (white eagles and white knights on a red field) and on the centre the arms of Saxony beneath the electoral hat, surmounted by a crimson royal crown and surrounded by green palm leaves. Fringe in silver (buttons color) and light blue (distinctive color = bleu mourant).

Ordinarstandarte: light blue (bleu mourant) damask field heavily embroidered in gold with silver piping; centre device consisting of the golden royal cipher "AR" on a white pedestal surmounted by a royal crown and surrounded by green palm leaves. Fringe in crimson red and silver (buttons color).

The first squadron carried the white colonel (Leib) standard while the 3 other squadrons each carried one ordonnance standard.


Schuster/Francke: Geschichte der Sächsischen Armee, file I. Leipzig 1885.

Verlohren: Stammregister und Chronik der Kur-und Königlich Sächsischen Armee, Leipzig, 1910

Bavaria, Saxony and the Palatinate Supplement: Uniforms & Flags of the Seven Years War. Researched by M.Lange and A. Sharman. Compiled by R.D. Pengel. Artwork by G.R. Hurt. Birmingham, 1981.

Summerfield, Stephen; Saxon Cuirassier in Napoleon Series


Harald Skala for additional info on the origin and history of the regiment