Västgöta Horse

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Swedish Army >> Västgöta Horse

Origin and History

A Västgotafana is mentioned before 1550. The regiment was raised in 1628 as Västgöta Ryttare. In 1691, it was incorporated to the Indelta system. It counted 8 companies for a total of 1,000 men. Exceptionally, it was organised as a dragoon regiment.

During the Great Northern War, the regiment took part at the landing in Själland in 1700, then in homeland. In the Scanian campaign of 1710 and then shipped to Germany in 1712. It was present at the Battle of Gadebusch on December 20 1712. Captured at Tönningen and rebuilt. In the Norwegian campaign of 1718.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:

  • in 1757: K. Hierta

Service during the War

In 1757, 4 companies (500 men) of the regiment were part of the expeditionary force sent to serve in the campaign in Pomerania under Field-marshal Mathias Alexander von Ungern Sternberg.

In 1758, 2 additional companies (300 men) of the regiment were sent to Pomerania to reinforce the Swedish expeditionary force operating against Prussia.

On August 27, 1759, during the campaign of Pomerania, the regiment formed part of the force who covered the assault and capture of the entrenchments of Swinemünde. On October 1, the regiment followed Fersen's Corps when it left the Oder Islands to join the Swedish Main Army in Pasewalk.

On August 22, 1761, part of the regiment fought in an engagement against the Pomeranian Provincial Hussars near Neubrandenburg, losing a standard.



Uniform in 1757 - Copyright Kronoskaf
Uniform in 1757
Headgear black tricorne without lace and with a brass button on the left side
Neck stock black
Coat medium blue lined yellow with 12 brass buttons down the front and 2 brass buttons in the small of the back
Collar yellow
Shoulder strap medium blue fastened with 1 brass button
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 brass buttons
Cuffs yellow, each with 3 brass buttons
Turnbacks yellow
Waistcoat yellow
Breeches buckskin or reindeer skin
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather bandoleer
Waistbelt natural leather
Cartridge Box n/a
Scabbard black with brass fittings
Bayonet scabbard none
Gloves chamois
Footgear black boots
Horse Furniture
Housings medium blue laced yellow
Holster caps medium blue laced yellow
Blanket roll medium blue

Troopers were armed with a sword, a pair of pistols and a carbine. Exceptionally, this heavy cavalry regiment was armed with a bayonet and did not wear breastplates.


The officers wore the same uniform as the troopers with the following exceptions:

  • a gold laced tricorne
  • black breeches (sometimes)
  • housings and holster caps laced gold


The NCOS wore the same uniform as the troopers with the unique distinction of a narrow golden lace on the tricorne.


The musicians wore medium blue uniforms with yellow swallow nests laced white at the shoulders. The uniform had no additional laces.

The drums were made of brass with yellow rims. The trumpets were made of brass with a medium blue banner.


The pikes used as staffs to carry the colours were always striped in blue and yellow. The standards had gold finials, and gold and silver cords, tassels and fringe.

Lifstandar (colonel standard): white field; borders heavily embroidered in gold and silver; centre device carried the crowned royal arms of Sweden flanked by 2 crowned golden lions; the upper inner corner carried a black lion with 2 silver stars.

Kompanistandar (ordonnance standard): field separated diagonally into 2 triangles, a black triangle along the pole and a yellow triangle

  • Obverse: ; centre device consisting of a lion (lower part black, upper part gold) with 2 silver stars.
  • Reverse: borders heavily embroidered in gold and silver; centre device consisting of the golden royal cipher “AF” on a light blue field, surmounted by a gold crown; 2 golden palm branches beneath tied with a red ribbon.
Lifstandar - Source: rf-figuren using elements of a template by Hannoverdidi
Kompanistandar - Source: rf-figuren

The colonel's squadron carried the Lifstandar, each other squadron had a Kompanistandar.


This article contains texts translated from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Großer Generalstab: Die Kriege Friedrichs des Großen - Dritter Teil: Der Siebenjährige Krieg 1756–1763. Vol. 6 Leuthen, Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II (Publisher), Berlin 1904, pp.92-107, Annex pp. 11-16

Other sources

Brolin, Gunnar: 18th C. Swedish Military Flags - Part I: Standards and Guidons, 18th Century Military Notes & Queries No. 5

Högman, Hans: Svenska regementen under indelningsverkets dagar

Höglund, Lars-Eric and Sallnäs, Ake: The Great Northern War 1700-1721, Colours and Uniforms, Acedia Press, Karlstadt, 2000

Pengel, R. D. and G. R. Hurt: Swedish Army in Pomerania – 1757-1763, Birmingham, 1983

Purky, Jim: Swedish Army Organization, Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. X No. 1

Säwe, Teofron: Sveriges deltagande i Sjuåriga Kriget Åren 1757-1762, Beijers Bokförlagsaktiebolag, Stockholm, 1915

Schirmer, Friedrich: Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756-1763, published by KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg, Neuauflage 1989

Schorr, Dan: Uniforms of the Swedish Army, 1757-1762, The Courrier, June-July 1979

Schorr, Dan: Swedish Cavalry Standards 1757-1762, The Courrier, December 1979-January 1980

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.